V.A.T.S. in action, as seen in Fallout 3

V.A.T.S. in action, as seen in Fallout 4

V.A.T.S. in action, as seen in Fallout 4 VR

V.A.T.S., or the Vault-Tec Assisted Targeting System, is an advanced combat technology whose developmental origins have been lost to time...Fallout 4 loading screens

避難所科技輔助瞄準系統(英文名:Vault-Tec Assisted Targeting System,简写V.A.T.S.),是 Fallout 3Fallout: 新維加斯Fallout 4Fallout 76中的遊戲特色,靈感來自FalloutFallout 2的回合制戰鬥中射擊特定部位的能力。也能提供類似時間暫停或子彈時間的視覺動態戰鬥體驗。


Although known to be a product of Vault-Tec Industries, the developmental origins of this advanced combat technology have been lost to time.[1] However, it was available to the Pioneer Scouts and their parents, in the event their parents became inebriated and could not aim correctly.[2]

By 2287, the Robotics branch of The Institute had managed to receive permission from Father to enhance the capability of a Generation 3 synth brain, creating an emulation of V.A.T.S. accessible to Gen-3 synths.[3]

Fallout 3

在使用V.A.T.S时,當下的時間是靜止的。Various actions cost Action Points, and the user can target specific body areas for attacks, inflicting specific injuries.

在使用V.A.T.S时,操作者可以对不同的部位执行不同的动作。以人为例,操作者可以瞄准头部,躯干,左臂,右臂,左腿,右腿和所持有武器七个部分。However, there may be other points available when facing off non-humanoid creatures (e.g. robot combat inhibitors, ant antennae).

When targeting a part, the screen displays a percentage of how likely the attack will hit the targeted area based on distance from the target, visibility of the targeted body part, and combat skill. The percentage of a hit cannot be any higher than 95%, so there is a small 5% chance to actually miss. A higher percentage does not equate to more damage done; for example, an 95% hit to the head will not do more damage than an 80% hit to the head. The readout also displays the overall condition of the body parts on the target. The bar will be empty when the limb has been crippled.

V.A.T.S. also displays a health meter indicating the target's overall health, as well as an indicator showing the amount of damage a V.A.T.S. attack round using the character's current weapon will inflict. Note that the indicator shows the weapon's maximum non-critical potential damage that the weapon would do if the character's relevant combat skill (e.g. Small Guns) were at 100. If the character's combat skill is less than 100, they will do less real damage with each attack than what the V.A.T.S. indicator shows. On the other hand, achieving a critical hit (such as a Sneak Attack Critical) can potentially produce more real damage than the indicator shows.

There is a 15% boost in the chance for a critical hit in V.A.T.S. mode, but weapons degrade at 4 times the regular rate.

Unlike previous Fallout games, it is not possible to target the eyes or groin, nor target any individual body parts in melee and unarmed combat. However, one can still strike specific limbs without aiming for them, and still cripple and dismember enemies. Also, unlike in the previous games, children cannot be targeted.


Although body part damage can be achieved through manual aiming, V.A.T.S. allows more effective targeting of particular body parts. Crippling any body part will result in the target momentarily pausing to clutch the now crippled body part or reel from the injury. When using explosive and melee weapons specific body parts cannot be targeted while in V.A.T.S. The enemy is simply targeted as a whole. The effects of crippling specific body parts are listed below.

  • Crippling the head will reduce overall accuracy and Perception (-4) of the target. If inflicted upon the player character, the screen will intermittently get fuzzy and a ring will be heard through the speakers, loosely simulating the effects of a concussion.
  • Crippling the torso will result in the target flinching far more often from shots than normal. This can also affect the player character, throwing off aim and interrupting attacks.
  • Weapon accuracy is reduced in V.A.T.S. by a crippled arm, but still, allow using weapons. In the first-person mode, the held weapon will sway, and while this may not seem to affect the accuracy with regular non-V.A.T.S. shots, it does make the crosshairs sway significantly while using the scopes on weapons like a sniper rifle or scoped .44 Magnum, making it much harder to aim. A crippled right arm also reduces base melee damage done by 10% if wielding a one-handed weapon. If wielding a two-handed weapon (or unarmed), one crippled arm reduces base damage done by 5%, two crippled arms reduce base damage done by 10%.
  • If it is an explosive ordnance (like a frag grenade), it will explode, dealing its damage to the target holding it (and any others nearby). Grenades can be targeted by V.A.T.S. while in the air after being thrown as well. If successfully hit on the fly, they will explode prematurely.

Related perks

V.A.T.S. is your friend.


  • V.A.T.S. is first introduced to the player character on their 10th birthday in Vault 101 upon receiving a BB gun.
  • V.A.T.S. can be used to reveal enemies that normally would not be seen (like Crimson Dragoon or enemies that are far away) by clicking the V.A.T.S. button rapidly (or for consoles, simply holding down the V.A.T.S. button) (also called V.A.T.S. scanning). If there is a target nearby, V.A.T.S. mode will be entered with the enemy targeted, pointing out their location. Doing this when going around corners in buildings and tunnels can give an edge against ambushing enemies as well. Occasionally in large open spaces, the opposite will happen: seeing a target but it will be too far away to target with V.A.T.S.
  • Although invisible enemies can be targeted in V.A.T.S., no other actions can be taken, because all hit percentages for enemy body parts will remain at 0%, regardless of their proximity to the character.
  • The player character receives only 10% of normal damage in V.A.T.S.; however, some weapons are still strong enough to instantly kill, such as the Fat Man, and especially the Experimental MIRV.
  • V.A.T.S. is very useful for melee and unarmed sneak attacks, as it seems to teleport the character to melee/unarmed range, whereas in free-aim it would be impossible to reach the target. It can also teleport characters up on to a ledge if V.A.T.S. is started mid-jump for an attack. Unless there is a 0% chance to hit, of course.
  • Also, interestingly, despite the entire body being highlighted in V.A.T.S. with a melee or unarmed weapon, the strike will actually hit the head when standing (noticeable because a melee kill from V.A.T.S. while standing will nearly always result in a decapitation) or the arm when sneaking.
  • The character cannot move away or dodge while in V.A.T.S.
  • Automatic weapons (assault rifles etc.) always shoot bursts of ammo in V.A.T.S.
    • Even if a target dies while reloading, the burst will still finish.
  • V.A.T.S. only slows time; it does not halt it completely. Therefore, targeted enemies may be able to move behind cover before getting to fire all queued shots. Characters allied to the player character can also move during a V.A.T.S. sequence, which might cause friendly-fire incidents with ranged weapons in close-quarters combat.
  • Once a V.A.T.S. sequence has been accepted, it cannot be canceled while the actions are being carried out unless the target dies or is destroyed during the sequence.
  • Mines cannot be used in V.A.T.S.; it will show a 0% chance to hit, no matter the proximity to the target.
  • If a character is out of AP and unable to attack using V.A.T.S., one can still take advantage of it during battle. Simply activate V.A.T.S., select the target, then press and hold the left trigger (or whatever button was mapped for iron sights). Exit V.A.T.S. while still holding the trigger and the iron sight will be aimed directly at the intended target. This works best for enemies that charge directly at the combatant, like melee-oriented enemies such as deathclaws, since a good number of shots can be squeezed off without having to adjust one's aim. This can be used to one's own advantage at great range with very accurate weapons such as the Lincoln Repeater, where a headshot is almost guaranteed even when the probability of hitting in V.A.T.S. is minuscule.
  • Using shotguns in V.A.T.S. can sometimes do minimal damage. Shotguns' damage uses a Spread Radius and thus, a certain amount of damage for every single part of the spread, for example, 8x6 - each part of the spread does 8 damage, but the damage is multiplied by the 6 parts of the spread, in V.A.T.S., sometimes it will cancel the spread and only do the base damage - in comparison to the example above, instead of doing 8x6 worth of damage, it will only do 8 points of damage, making a shotgun in V.A.T.S. a gamble.
  • V.A.T.S. can be used to compensate for a low skill with scoped weapons by selecting the limb to target and then instantly zooming out and firing.


  • Has platform::PCPC Has platform::Playstation 3Playstation 3 Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 On rare occasions, the black-and-white effect of V.A.T.S. will carry over to the normal game, rendering everything except the HUD in a permanent grayscale filter. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 If the player falls from a great height, he/she can pull out a melee weapon and target someone below. The effect of being teleported into range loses all velocity from the fall and negates the damage. This is most easily seen at Tenpenny Tower, from one of the balconies onto citizens below. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 Firing weapons that require two shells, such as the Double-barrel shotgun, while possessing only one can lead to a bug in which the character does not actually fire a shot in V.A.T.S. It will just result in a drawn-out cinematic view of the player aiming at his/her target.[已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC Has platform::Playstation 3Playstation 3 Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 Occasionally, the game will freeze during a V.A.T.S. attack. On consoles, this will cause the screen to become stuck and the console will need to be reset. On PC, the game will automatically close (sometimes after a short period of time). There is no fix, so it is recommended that players save often to avoid loss of progress. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 Occasionally a bug can occur with most V.A.T.S attacks in which V.A.T.S. will jump out of slow motion and fire each shot extremely rapidly. This usually winds up with a live enemy and no AP.


此部分转换Fallout: New Vegas combat. 改变它, 请编辑包含在内的页面.

Fallout: New Vegas combat

Related perks


  • Has platform::PCPC Has platform::Playstation 3Playstation 3 Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 On occasion, a target in V.A.T.S. will show 0% to hit or not show any percentages to hit at all, despite being perfectly valid (which can be verified by selecting attacks, which ordinarily should not be possible). Leaving and re-entering V.A.T.S. or switching targets can help fix this. [已验证]
  • Has platform::Playstation 3Playstation 3 Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 Upon tapping the V.A.T.S. button, the player may only hear a click and no change in gameplay, as V.A.T.S. does not activate. This problem can last for up to several minutes (easily enough to hinder any player reliant on the V.A.T.S. system), at which point V.A.T.S. once again becomes available. This issue appears to be a problem with the L2 & R2 button mapping. Remapping V.A.T.S. to a different button can resolve the issue. If this doesn't work, you can turn off the controller and turn it on again or even quit the game and get back in. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC V.A.T.S. targeting is bugged for certain guns - most lever-action rifles and a few pistols: it consistently shoots high, making headshots improbable or impossible. Consistently replicable by starting a new game, adding a brush gun (id: 00121148) and .45-70 ammo (id: 0013e43e), forcing Guns to 100, and shooting at Easy Pete's head from the nearby road. Bullet impacts will appear on the windowpane behind him - and, shot after shot, will consistently be high. Modifying the gun to have perfect accuracy and/or setting fVATSSpreadMult to 0.01 will reveal that the V.A.T.S. point of aim is roughly a foot high. No known fix yet. This bug also seems to occur with the Hunting Revolver. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC A reloading glitch can rarely occur where the player is granted a 100% boost in reload speed after a target is killed in V.A.T.S. and the cinematic death animation plays simultaneously as the player is reloading (namely the single shotgun) the effect lasts until the player enters another cell, switches weapons, dies, or reloads a previous save. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC Has platform::Playstation 3Playstation 3 Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 When using Melee/Unarmed, it is possible to get stuck in a wall, You will have to reload a previous save, use fast travel, or use a console command. [已验证]
  • Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 By tapping the V.A.T.S. button (regardless of whether an enemy is around), the game freezes to the point in which a manual restart is necessary. Restarting (from the same save point) has not fixed the glitch, but loading an earlier save might. Try deleting the system cache. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC Has platform::Playstation 3Playstation 3 Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 After choosing where you want to attack at your enemy and pressing the button to attack them, your character may do nothing and stay still during the slow-motion for an unconfirmed amount of time. On most occasions, you will either die or lose a large portion of your health. It is largely related to attacking in V.A.T.S. while you were reloading, so make sure ALL reloading animations and sounds are totally complete before you attempt a V.A.T.S. attack. This can also occur with the mysterious stranger if his target is killed prematurely by you, or another NPC. He will not fire his 6 rounds and V.A.T.S. will not end until 15 seconds or more. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC On very rare occasions, your character may not fire after queuing up the attacks, forcing you to reload a previous save. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC Has platform::Playstation 3Playstation 3 Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 At close to medium range, V.A.T.S. may simply refuse to register attacks but will go into cinematic view. The Player Character will simply stand still while being attacked. Note: The enemies will go back to normal speed which means if you are in a difficult fight, you just might die. After several seconds, however, the screen may revert to the normal view. This may happen repeatedly on PS3 while using the Brush gun. [已验证]
  • Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 After entering V.A.T.S., and skipping the kill camera, your game may be in slow motion for about ten seconds. This won't prove any difficulties, everything will be in slow motion. This may also occur if you have the cinematic kills on and usually occurs around areas with cliffs, apparently. [已验证]
    • Has platform::PCPC A similar bug may occur on PC, but under different circumstances. This seems to happen if your companion kills an enemy you're about to kill in V.A.T.S. In this case, the kill will happen at normal speed, but the slow-motion effect will persist. This may only happen when Veronica is the player's companion.
  • Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 While attacking in V.A.T.S., only the target and player will be in slow motion. Any other enemies in the area will move and attack at normal speed, making you a prime target for the duration of your attack. [已验证]
  • Has platform::Playstation 3Playstation 3 Sometimes the camera may zoom on the enemy and all your shots may fire in quick succession as if you're using an automatic weapon, but no shots will register on the target and will cause zero damage. [已验证]
  • Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 When attacking an enemy in/underwater with a melee weapon, if you're in close range, the game will most likely freeze and you will have to load an earlier save. [已验证]
  • Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 Rarely, after exiting V.A.T.S., if "true iron sights" is turned on, the player's default weapon position may be locked in iron sights. This can easily be fixed by zooming in. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC When using the recharger pistol, recharger rifle or MF Hyperbreeder Alpha in V.A.T.S., if the number of attacks exceeds the amount of ammunition in the rifle's magazine, it will fully recharge the rifle minus every attack selected after the recharge. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC Has platform::Xbox 360Xbox 360 Sometimes in V.A.T.S., if queuing up attacks with a firearm and attacking, the player will not do anything and can still be attacked. However, AP is not lost when going out of V.A.T.S. after a few seconds. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC Has platform::Playstation 3Playstation 3 V.A.T.S. targeting can sometimes cause the screen to move and limit the options available to the player. This is most common when enemies are too close. A similar but possibly related issue can occur at range when body parts are shown in V.A.T.S. but cannot be targeted because the limb selection option won't appear for certain limbs (most common when targeting small objects like antennae). [已验证]

Fallout 4





主页面: Big Leagues

Melee player characters only benefit from critical hits while in V.A.T.S. They can queue up attacks on multiple opponents with the slowed time benefit, so long as targets are in range. With the Blitz perk, this becomes less of an issue - with Blitz that base damage gets multiplied by the distance, then sneak attack and crit bonuses for massive damage. Sneak built player characters can crit on a sneak attack along with the Blitz perk, which will let one deal even more damage. An enemy may use a melee attack during the V.A.T.S. sequence and stagger the player character causing them to drop out of V.A.T.S.


主页面: Demolition Expert

由于手雷不再作为主武器,所以不能像前几代一样用V.A.T.S投掷出去。Grenades can be used in conjunction with V.A.T.S. by throwing them outside of V.A.T.S (one can use the Demolition Expert perk at rank 2 to get the throwing arc for precision attacks), then entering V.A.T.S. and shooting the grenade by targeting it in its flightpath.


暴击 are no longer randomized,在V.A.T.S下攻击可以填充暴击槽(填充速度部分由运气决定),At 10 luck, one can expect it to take about 5 hits to build the critical meter to full. The Critical Banker perk allows storage of more than one Critical Hit. 暴击槽填满之后玩家可以让他们的攻击变成暴击,而且无视V.A.T.S上显示的概率,绝对命中。Once full, a player character can choose which of their shots will be upgraded to a critical. Critical Hits are also guaranteed to hit, regardless of the actual V.A.T.S. percentage hit chance. Once used, the critical hit drains the bar and it must be recharged before another critical hit can be made.

Related perks

主页面: Fallout 4 perks
  • Perception
  • Charisma
  • Intelligence
    • V.A.N.S.
  • Agility
    • Quick Hands (rank 2)
    • Blitz
    • Gun Fu
  • Luck

Action Points

Cost per shot

主页面: Action Points

The amount of Action Point consumption and critical damage a weapon will do is based on the weapon type and ammunition type; .50 caliber sniper rifles deal more critical damage, and 10mm pistols are capable of achieving 8.4 Action Points per shot. All mod AP costs stack by direct addition. Rate of Fire is the biggest indicator of how many shots one can queue in V.A.T.S.

For automatic weapons, the rate of fire will increase the amount of bullets/lasers/bolts/etc. and AP cost per burst, while on a semi-automatic or bolt-action weapon, it is for single shots. There is a dramatic difference in the amount of V.A.T.S. points used per shot between various types of stocks and aiming devices attached to the same weapon. Scopes increase the number of points consumed while reflex sights decrease the amount.

V.A.T.S. will only allow up to 16 shots to be queued.

Weapon modifications

主页面: Fallout 4 weapon mods
  • Receivers - Receivers greatly impact the rate of fire. A non-automatic receiver that "increases the rate of fire," has a "Light", "Hair Trigger" or "Advanced" prefix, and will reduce AP cost in V.A.T.S. Automatic receivers consume more AP but fire in bursts at a cost of reduced accuracy and range. "Armor-Piercing," "Calibrated " or "Heavy" prefix, and any receiver that increases range, damage and accuracy, will raise AP cost. Gun Nut and Science! perks are needed produce a mod for a weapon that both conserves AP cost and deals high damage.
  • Barrels - "Short" and "Light" prefixed barrels lower AP cost in V.A.T.S. while reducing recoil; making them useful for close-quarters combat. "Long" and "Heavy" prefix barrels increase AP cost in V.A.T.S. and the effective range of a weapon.
  • Stocks - For rifles, a "Short" prefix stock reduces AP cost in V.A.T.S. at the expense of increased recoil. For handguns, a marksman's grip slightly lowers AP cost.
  • Magazines - "Quick Reload" prefixed magazines reduces AP cost; "Large" and "Drum" prefix magazines increases AP cost.
  • Sights - "Standard" prefixed sights slightly increases the AP cost. "Reflex" prefixed sights reduce the AP cost to fire the weapon in V.A.T.S. All scopes double AP cost.
  • Muzzles - Muzzles do not impact the AP cost of shots in V.A.T.S.


  • Has platform::PCPC Has platform::Playstation 4Playstation 4 When targeting an enemy in V.A.T.S., if they are attacking the player in close quarters while the player is sneaking, their body will block V.A.T.S shots on their head, despite it being closer. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC If the player character moves horizontally while in V.A.T.S. (like when standing on a moving platform), the camera will remain in the same location despite the character moving. The camera will return to the player when they exit V.A.T.S. [已验证]
  • Has platform::Xbox OneXbox One V.A.T.S. attacks will often be skipped over when used against any variant of radscorpion. [已验证]
  • Has platform::Playstation 4Playstation 4 Melee attacks on V.A.T.S. on a big creature, namely Deathclaws, under a tree (or similar environments), may rarely shoot the creature up in the air. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC Sometimes when engaging V.A.T.S., it will actually cause the game to black screen or V.A.T.S. and the game to freeze. It can be closed by pressing the Windows key, hovering to the taskbar, and closing the Fallout 4 task. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC Has platform::Playstation 4Playstation 4 When pressing the V.A.T.S. button while no valid target is near the V.A.T.S. sequence may sometimes activate anyway yielding no targets. [已验证]
  • Has platform::PCPC The time slowdown effect of V.A.T.S. does not affect the player's reload speed. The sounds may become distorted but the reloading sequence itself will progress normally. [已验证]

Fallout 76

V.A.T.S出现在Fallout 76。由于游戏具有在线多人游戏的性质,因此V.A.T.S. 激活时不会减慢或停止时间,而是充当瞄准助手。The new real-time V.A.T.S. system provides the unique advantage of being able to move around while using it; enemies will keep moving in real time too, though, making the player character more vulnerable to attacks than in previous iterations. Another consequence of the real-time combat is that it is possible for opponents to dodge the attack (as if the player character were aiming manually), making V.A.T.S. more effective at close-range. It also leaves player characters more vulnerable to attacks than in previous games.

Actions cannot be queued and are instead taken immediately after selecting a target's body part and attacking it. V.A.T.S. actions use up Action Points like in previous iterations and cannot be used very frequently at early levels since all player characters start with 1 Agility.

The critical meter from Fallout 4 returns, allowing one to make a critical strike on an opponent by pressing the button shown in the V.A.T.S. screen if the bar is full. However, unlike Fallout 4, attempting to activate V.A.T.S. multiple times in a row will also drain available AP. This hinders using V.A.T.S. to "scan" for enemies.

Bethesda Pinball

V.A.T.S. appears in the Fallout pinball table of Bethesda Pinball. Because it is based heavily on Fallout 4, use of V.A.T.S. slows down time instead of temporarily pausing the game. Its use is governed by a red meter shown next to the main right flipper that slowly fills as the player attacks enemies, but can instantly be refilled when VATS is spelled on the table's four upper rollovers. V.A.T.S. is used in combat to deal exceptional damage to one particular enemy and is activated by holding down the launch button when the V.A.T.S. meter is full, choosing an enemy to use it on with the flipper buttons and then pressing both buttons simultaneously to use V.A.T.S. on the targeted enemy. There are two perks that enhance the V.A.T.S., obtained from successfully completing certain Vault missions: a Perception bobblehead that fills the V.A.T.S. meter faster and an Agility bobblehead that grants more points every time V.A.T.S. is used. Using it twenty times in a single session grants an extra ball.

Behind the scenes

Artist Grant Struthers prototyped the V.A.T.S. camera system by filming his Incredibles action figures fighting.[需要引证]



  1. Fallout 4 loading screen hints: "V.A.T.S., or the Vault-Tec Assisted Targeting System, is an advanced combat technology whose developmental origins have been lost to time..."
  2. Middle Mountain Cabins terminal entries; Pioneer Scout terminal, Pioneer Scout Advice
  3. Cut content The Institute terminal entries; departmental notices, Unique Project