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苏维埃社会主义共和国联盟(英文名:Union of Soviet Socialist Republics),通常被称为苏联(英文名:Soviet Union)或简称为USSR,是大战前存在的主要大国之一。

背景

战前-分歧

苏联是1917年十月革命的最终结果,1922年正式成立的苏维埃共和国联邦。名义上的联邦在实践中高度集中,由俄罗斯苏维埃联邦社会主义共和国主导,以至于苏联经常被称为苏维埃俄罗斯或仅仅是俄罗斯。[1]

通过快速的工业化和现代化,苏联迅速从一潭死水演变为一个大国,摆脱了沙皇帝国的遗毒。在约瑟夫·斯大林(Joseph Stalin)的独裁统治下,它变成了一个残酷的独裁国家,先是参加了第二次世界大战,支持纳粹德国,然后又对他们发动战争。虽然苏联损失了数百万美元,但它是欧洲战场的最终胜利者,在战胜轴心国的战争中,它是同盟国不可或缺的成员。[1]

战后-分歧

但是,尽管作为租借计划的一部分,实行了军事友善并进行了密切合作,但战争结束后不久,意识形态上的分歧就使盟国之间产生了分歧。 随之而来的经济、军事和技术竞争,导致了苏联和美国之间的许多争端。其中最突出的争议是有关进入太空第一人的争论:尽管中苏抗议和驳斥,但美国始终认为卡尔·贝尔上尉是进入太空中的第一个人,他于1961年5月5日在反抗7号机上成功完成了一次轨道飞行,然后死于太空舱着陆中的坠机。[2][3]

到了21世纪,中国取代了欧盟作为超级大国的地位,使它的共产主义兄弟黯然失色。However, the two communist powers were considered natural allies[4] by the United States and thus a threat: After the outbreak of the Sino-American War, the possibility of a joint nuclear first strike by the USSR and China under orders from Chairman Cheng was considered as a viable option by defense analysts.[5] 俄罗斯的人类突变实验也对美国“启发”了类似的努力。[6]

然而,到2077年,两国关系有所改善。作为一个名义上的共产主义国家,苏联仍然被美国军方认为是一个潜在的敌人,[7]企业的宣传诋毁苏联是一个强迫劳役营和间谍试图获取国家机密的地方。[4] 共产主义的宣传也经常向美国广播。[8][9]然而,苏联公民也可以公开移民到美国。[10] 虽然存在文化鸿沟,[11]但苏联公民被普遍接受,[12]特别是在有组织犯罪方面。[13]事实上,他们的关系非常密切,以至于在中美戰爭期间,一位来自洛杉矶领事馆的苏联外交官被接纳为13号避难所的居住者,并因此在消灭了包括苏联在内的大部分人类文明的战争中幸存下来。[14]

武装部队

单位

装备

已知地点

登场

辐射》、《辐射3》、《辐射:新维加斯》、《辐射4》、《辐射76》及其更新Wild AppalachiaWastelanders以及《辐射战略版》都提到了苏联。 The country's remains were meant to appear in 14° East's canceled Fallout Extreme, as the Cause made their way into China. 这个地区可能是俄国哥萨克人的居住地。


幕后

背景故事中的核世界末日发生在美国和中国之间。在运输后,有人问我为什么是中国而不是苏联。我之所以做出这个选择, 当我想起与Oleg的经历时,我做出了选择。Oleg是莫斯科的一名开发者,我在协助开发打字游戏之前与我合作了几个月。有一次,在打电话的时候,我听到了一些低沉的响声,然后电话就安静下来了。当我问他是什么声音时,他回答说,‘哦,那只是俄罗斯暴徒在街上开枪。“我以为他是在开玩笑——他不是。在那之后,我真的很难相信曾经强大的苏联会在不久的将来威胁世界。所以我转向了下一个代表“东方”的主要共产主义国家:中国。— R. Scott Campbell, Origins of Fallout
  • 在《辐射3》的擴展包安克雷奇行动中,精卫将军电击剑有一个非常类似苏联锤子和镰刀的符号。[15]
  • 在《辐射76》中,麥林托克營爱国主义训练营的大楼上有一个标志,上面写着苏联的锤子和镰刀被刺伤。[16] 一幅海报描绘了类似的情况,只是用一个投票站代替了刀。[17]
  • In Wild Appalachia, a top-secret Soviet spy ring was planned for inclusion. The player character would find a Soviet Mr. Handy and complete Mission: Accessible, a training program that would prepare them for secret operations for "Mother Russia."[18]
  • 《辐射4》和《辐射76》中的黑根堡指揮中心地图和地球仪描绘了1991年后的现代国家边界,表明苏联西部共和国/卫星国家脱离了苏联,宣布独立。但是,这些资产的可靠性尚不明确,因为它们只完成了一半,并且错误地把主要的水体填充了。

图库

参考文献

  1. 1.0 1.1 For the history of the Soviet Union, see Wikipedia for details.
  2. Museum of Technology placard: "This is the actual skeleton of Captain Carl Bell who died on May 5, 1961 after his Space Capsule crash landed. Captain Bell is credited as being the first human in space on board the Space Capsule Defiance 7, but this has been constantly refuted by both the Soviet Union and China. Defiance 7's fight lasted for a total of 12 minutes and 7 seconds as it achieved one full revolution around the Earth. Donated by Edwina Bell."
  3. For reference, Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space on April 12, 1961, and the Vostok 1 flight was completed with his safe return to Earth.
  4. 4.0 4.1 HELIOS One terminal entries; terminal, "Can I Tell Him?"
  5. The Switchboard terminal entries; research terminal, > 2067 Jun 19
  6. Fallout 3 Official Game Guide Game of the Year Edition p.85: "Michael Masters
    Michael Masters was an esteemed electronic and biological engineer before the bombs dropped. He doesn't remember much of the first years after D.C. was destroyed, but he does remember his human life and resents his Ghoulish nature (though he does appreciate the gift of longevity). He was extremely intelligent and jovial in his old life, but living as a Ghoul has made him very pessimistic and angry at the world. He sees his Ghoulness as a karmic curse, because he was attempting to keep America at the forefront of human mutation experiments, breeding super-warriors after being inspired by the work of the German, Russian, and Chinese doctors."
    (Fallout 3 Official Game Guide Game of the Year Edition Wasteland Census)
  7. Wastewater treatment plant terminal entries; manager's terminal, Reply from City Treasurer
  8. Pioneer Scout camp terminal entries; Pioneer badge exam terminal, Codebreaker
  9. Pioneer Scout camp terminal entries; Pioneer badge exam terminal, Rail Enthusiast
  10. Vault Dweller: "Who is Lev, and why would he do this?"
    Lou: "He's just some Soviet former mobster jagoff. He and his crew joined up with us a while back. You probably saw him hanging around the Crater Core? Liked to think of himself as Meg's number two, but I don't think she thought the same. Dunno why he did what he did. Maybe just hates ghouls. Maybe hates the rest of Meg's gang. Maybe both. I'll 'member to ask him next time he tries to kill me."
    (Lou's dialogue)
  11. Vault Dweller: "How did you end up here?"
    Lev: "From Russia, before the war. But I like it here. Americans are so soft. Such easy prey."
    (Lev's dialogue)
  12. Nobody ever considers Lev's Soviet origins a problem, unlike Mochou's.
  13. Eddie Winter holotape 0
  14. Vault Dweller's Survival Guide Page 3-2: Natalia Dubrovhsky's biography: "The granddaughter of a Soviet Union diplomat from the Los Angeles Consulate, Natalia is of Russian descent. She is a very talented acrobat, with excellent coordination and reflexes. High intelligence and resourcefulness coupled with a natural curiosity towards the outside world make her a perfect candidate for seeking out the water chip. The dwellers will certainly feel safer, as Natalia's childhood was rife with problems understanding personal property laws."
  15. File:FO3OA Shocksword texture file.jpg
  16. Patriotism Training sign
  17. Voting booth smashing a red and yellow hammer and sickle insignia
  18. Cut content Svetlana: "Congratulations, comrade! You are now top notch secret agent. I look forward to seeing what you do for Mother Russia."
    (Svetlana's dialogue)
    Note: This comment would have played upon completion of the cut quest Mission: Accessible.


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