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With the Sniper perk, your chance to hit an opponent's head in V.A.T.S. is significantly increased.Fallout 3 description

Sniper is a perk in Fallout, Fallout 2, Fallout 3, Fallout: New Vegas, Fallout 4, Fallout 76, Fallout 2d20, Fallout Tactics: Brotherhood of Steel, and Fallout: The Board Game.

Fallout, Fallout 2 and Fallout Tactics

You have mastered the firearm as a source of pain. With this perk, any successful hit in combat with a ranged weapon will be upgraded to a critical hit if you also make a Luck roll: essentially, the critical hit chance is Luck * 10%. If that roll fails, one may still score a critical hit according to the usual probabilities.

Unaimed shots (or burst fire) will use the "torso" hit table (or "body" or "abdomen", depending on creature). Typically, this resolves to doing double or triple damage, a very high probability of bypassing the armor, and knocking down the opponent. If the Character also has the Better Criticals perk, armor penetration and knockdowns will be virtually certain, knockouts quite likely, and most creatures will have a 20% chance of being killed on the spot. Deathclaws are a notable exception where neither knockouts nor instant death are among the possible outcomes.

Even with ordinary levels of Luck, this perk will dramatically increase the damage output of burst-firing and fast shot characters who previously only had a relatively small critical chance.

To Sniper Characters who are used to hitting their opponents in the eyes, and thus already enjoyed a 60% critical chance for most of their hits, a further increase in the critical hit chance will not necessarily be game-changing. Criticals to the eyes will cause enough extra damage over torso hits to still be worth the extra AP, and with ordinary levels of luck, aiming for the eyes will still yield the highest rate of criticals to begin with.

Fallout 3, Fallout: New Vegas

With the Sniper perk, your chance to hit an opponent's head in V.A.T.S. is increased by 25%. As with most perks that increase your chance to hit in V.A.T.S. this bonus is multiplicative, not additive. For example, if you had a 50% chance to hit an enemy's head without the perk, you would have a 62.5% chance with the perk (50% * 1.25 = 62.5%).

In Fallout: New Vegas, this perk is useful for counteracting the Fast Shot trait.

Fallout 4

It's all about focus. Like Gunslinger and Commando (for your other weapon types), this allows further flexibility when utilising any nonauto scoped rifle. A list of this weapon type is provided in the Weapons chapter. If you favor these types of guns, this is your first perk choice.Fallout 4 Vault Dweller's Survival Guide description


Rank Requires Description Form ID
1 PER 8 It's all about focus. You have improved control and can hold your breath longer when aiming with scopes. 0004C92A
2 PER 8
LVL 13
Non-automatic, scoped rifles have a chance of knocking down your target. 0004C92B
3 PER 8
LVL 26
Non-automatic, scoped rifles gain +25% accuracy to head shot in V.A.T.S. 0004C92C

Fallout 76

It's all about focus.


Rank Description Form ID
1 Gain improved control and hold your breath 25% longer while aiming scopes. 0004C92A
2 Gain improved control and hold your breath 50% longer while aiming scopes. 0032CB28
3 Gain improved control and hold your breath 75% longer while aiming scopes. 0032CB29
Nuclear Winter

Sniper is a perk in the Nuclear Winter battle royale mode. It requires 1 SPECIAL point to equip.

Rank Description Form ID
1 Gain improved control and hold your breath 75% longer while aiming scopes. 00479B57

Fallout 2d20

When taking the Aim minor action, and then make a ranged attack with a two-handed weapon with the Accurate quality, the user may specify a hit location to target without increasing the difficulty of the attack.


The pupil that is meant to be in the scope of the rifle is floating off the side of the weapon.

Fallout: The Board Game

Once discarded, any fight action performed for the rest of the turn can be used to target any enemy on the world map, as long as the player character is equipped with a ranged weapon.


  • In Fallout Tactics, version 1.27 does not produce the advertised result of the Sniper perk. The perk is obtainable but appears to be bugged (tests with 10 LK have failed to produce any noticeable increase in critical strike rate, which should produce a 100% critical strike rate). Can be fixed by hex-editing bos.exe - change 4C to 6C in the address 004A6C4C.[verified]
  • Icon pc.png Icon ps4.png In Fallout 4, while sneaking, the combination of the first rank of Sniper and wearing armor with Stabilization mods on both arms is enough to stop virtually all sway when looking down a sniper scope. However, this may stop working. Having the Cloak & Dagger perk may contribute to this bug.[verified]
    • Using the console to first remove each level of the Sniper perk and then reapply them may fix the issue. For someone with all 3 ranks in Sniper, the commands run after opening the console with ~ would be:
      • player.removeperk 4c92c (removes 3rd rank)
      • player.removeperk 4c92b (removes 2nd rank)
      • player.removeperk 4c92a (removes 1st rank)
      • player.addperk 4c92a (adds 1st rank)
      • player.addperk 4c92b (adds 2nd rank)
      • player.addperk 4c92c (adds 3rd rank)


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