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Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was the 31st President of the United States.
Herbert Hoover served as head of the U.S. Food Administration before and during World War I. He became famous after his immense efforts to deliver food supplies and money to Belgium and northern France, two nations that were devastated by WWI, saving an estimated 11 million lives from 1914-1918. In 1918, the American Relief Administration began operating in Poland, feeding 1.5 million Poles over a period of 6 months. The total amount of people that were fed by his program between 1914 and 1922 is estimated at 200 million. In 1928, he easily won the United States presidential election as a Republican, becoming the country's 31st president. He was the first of two presidents to redistribute their salary. When Hoover just entered office, the Wall Street bubble burst and the Great Depression began. Hoover took many measures to attempt to improve the weak economy, such as countering unemployment with massive projects such as the Boulder Dam, which would later be named the Hoover Dam in honor of him. His presidency is also known for having created 3,000,000 acres of National Parks, 2,300,000 acres of National Forests and to having initiated the New Deal, which would be realized under the presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. In the presidential elections of 1932, Herbert Hoover lost to Franklin Roosevelt. In 1945, Harry S. Truman asked Hoover to ascertain the food supplies in twenty-eight nations during the 1946-1947 famine. In Germany, he set up the Hooverspeisung, (Hoover meals) which fed 3,500,000 children in West Germany. On October 20, 1964, he died of internal bleeding, aged 90.