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Fallout Wiki
Gameplay articles
Fallout 2M72 Gauss rifle
Operation: AnchorageGauss rifle
Cut content Gauss rifle (Beta)
Fallout: New VegasGauss rifle
Fallout 4Gauss rifle
The Last Minute
Prototype Gauss rifle Creation Club
Fallout 76Gauss rifle
Cut content Presidential Gauss rifle
Fallout TacticsM72 Gauss rifle
Fallout ShelterGauss rifle (rusty, enhanced, hardened, accelerated)
Magnetron 4000
Fallout ExtremeGauss rifle
Enhanced Gauss rifle
This is an overview article, listing content appearing across multiple games.
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Gauss rifles are infantry fielded coilguns that appear in Fallout 2, Fallout 3, Fallout: New Vegas, Fallout 4, Fallout 76, Fallout Tactics, and Fallout Extreme.


The Gauss rifle is a coilgun, a type of projectile accelerator, which uses electromagnetic coils configured as a linear motor to accelerate ferromagnetic or conductive projectiles to extreme velocities. Though these weapons were historically suffering from a number of difficulties, focused on discharging the coils in sequence or providing enough power for the coils, these design issues were overcome by German scientists in the 21st century and entered limited service. This class of weapons is named in honor of the German mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss, responsible for formulating the math underlying the magnetic acceleration principle of coilguns.


M72 Gauss rifle

Fo2 M72 Gauss Rifle.png

The M72 has an electromagnetic accelerator, which uses an auto-loading 2mm EC cartridge (carrying both the 2mm steel slugs and the battery necessary to power it) slid into the magazine well, located in front of the trigger guard. The combination of German engineering and attention to detail make it a tremendously powerful weapon, with the slugs capable of piercing most targets at extreme ranges.[1][2] In 2241, it is often used by Enclave soldiers.

Gametitle-FOX.pngThe following is based on Fallout Extreme and is not canon.

An enhanced M72 Gauss rifle was used in the war between the Brotherhood and the Cause.

Gametitle-FOX.pngEnd of information based on Fallout Extreme.

Prototype Gauss rifle

FO3 Gauss rifle.png
Gauss rifle.png
Gauss rifle FNVUnique.png
CC Prototype Gauss rifle.png
Gametitle-FO4 CC.pngThe following is based on Creation Club content and is not canon.

Advertised as the United States Army's newest weapon.[3]

Gametitle-FO4 CC.pngEnd of information based on Creation Club content.

A supposed Chinese variation on the German design,[4] the scoped Gauss rifle was originally deployed in the Sino-American War. Unlike the original weapon, it features eleven coilgun stages, resulting in a higher damage output. The weapon is larger and bulkier to accommodate the increased stress put on the weapon and uses a different feed system. While the standard 2mm EC magazines incorporate both slugs and ammunition, the Chinese Gauss rifle has to be loaded with ferromagnetic slugs separately, with microfusion cells loaded into the battery well in front of the trigger group. The cell is used to power the magnetic accelerator and fire the slug and has to be replaced after each shot.[5]

The sheer firepower of the weapon has resulted in the design being used by the American military against the Chinese, both in the form of captured units[6] and a limited production run of reverse-engineered units.[7]

Gauss rifle

Gauss rifle (Fallout 4).png

Gameplay articles: Fallout 4, Fallout 76

A design halfway between the German Gauss rifle and the Chinese anti-materiel gun, this type of coilgun uses a series of high-powered capacitors and hypermagnetized coils to propel the projectile. The 2mm ferromagnetic slug exits the barrel at extreme velocity, enough to destroy anything in its path. These are fed from a top-mounted drum, sitting in front of a control panel that displays the current capacitor charge level via a pair of Nixie tubes.


See also


  1. Fallout 2 item description: "{39200}{}{M72 Gauss Rifle}"
    "{39201}{}{The M72 rifle is of German design. It uses an electromagnetic field to propel rounds at tremendous speed... and pierce almost any obstacle. Its range, accuracy and stopping power is almost unparalleled. Min ST: 6.}"
    (PRO ITEM.MSG (Fallout 2))
  2. Fallout Tactics: Brotherhood of Steel item description: "name_gaussRifle = {M72 Gauss Rifle}"
    "desc_gaussRifle = {The M72 rifle is of German design. It uses an electromagnetic field to propel 2mm steel rounds at tremendous speed... and pierce almost any obstacle. Its range, accuracy and stopping power is almost unparalleled.}"
  3. FO4 Creation Club - Gauss Rifle Prototype.png
  4. Chinese propaganda posters.
  5. Emil Pagliarulo: ""The gun energizes and magnetizes a standard projectile round; those are already pre-loaded into the weapon, and are in that giant clip attached to the side of the weapon. The player loads in the Micro Fusion Cells needed to energize/magnetize each round. We did it this way because we knew we wanted to have an Energy Weapon equivalent of the sniper rifle..." ([1][2])
  6. The weapon is seen in the hands of an U.S. paratrooper and can be received by the player character under the table from the American quartermaster in the Operation: Anchorage simulation.
  7. The weapon is found in the hands of Brotherhood of Steel paladins in the Mojave and former Elder Elijah in significant numbers.