The exterior is a large, shallow cave with a large wood facade, and a boxcar and forklift in front. At the back of the cave is a door entrance to the interior. The exterior has a few random boxes and lanterns, as well as a weapons workbench upstairs in the wooden section.
Inside, a vestibule leads to stairs on the left, a locker room on the right, and a long tunnel ahead with railroad tracks. The tunnel descends and turns left. Opposite the turn is a shack with random boxes and the entrance to a tunnel with radiation barrels on the right. The tunnel continues on a winding descent, with dead ends to the sides, until a final end next to a hallway.
The hallway leads to a machine room with several levels. At the bottom is an armor workbench and a keypad-locked supply cage. The cage can be closed and opened by button from within.
Downward stairs lead to a tunnel entrance, illuminated by fungi. This tunnel leads to a large open chamber with uphill rail tracks, and a second entrance to the interior from the Forest. The rails uphill lead to a dead end. A steamer trunk around the corner from the second entrance contains a treasure map.
The small second entrance, next to a small shack, is located to the northeast of the map marker, at the end of an uphill railroad detour south of the railroad bridge.
- Casualty report: Flatwoods - Note, on a dead Responder courier following the train tracks to the north.
- Light er' up - Holotape, next to a toolbox inside of a shack at the southern end of the mine, just before the path turns east.
- Hemlock Holes flyer - Note, inside the mine.
- Supply cage code - After going through the tunnel, if the player character goes up the stairs on the left and around the catwalk to a set of lockers, it lies sitting in one of the lockers that has no door.
- You're in charge - Note, on a cart at the top of the staircase to the left of the interior mine entrance.
- Three potential Vault-Tec bobbleheads:
- In the left locker, in the southwest corner of the locker room (with the hole in the wall), just south of the mine entrance, inside the mine.
- Atop a ceiling mine support, in the mine junction shack, at the end of the first mine tunnel, inside the mine.
- On the top edge of the blackened wall AC unit with the light above it, on the northwest concrete wall of the main generator and gantry chamber.
- Two potential magazines:
- On the work surface with drawers, left of the locked safe (1), on the roof of the entrance area, inside the mine (interior).
- On the open locker in the upper western corner just left of the gantry steps, inside the large gantry platform and generator room inside the mine (interior).
Gauley mine appears only in Fallout 76.