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Pour les 13 commonwealths américains d'avant-guerre, voir Commonwealths.
Pour le Commonwealth Européen, voir Commonwealth Européen.

 
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Le Commonwealth n'est qu'un cloaque de violence et de désespoir. En revanche, au sein même de l'institut... Mais... les affaires de l'institut ne vous regardent pas. Votre esprit primitif ne comprendrait pas ce que nous avons accompli.Dr. Zimmer Fallout 3

Le Commonwealth est une région géographique englobant en grande partie l'ancien État du Massachusetts, en Nouvelle-Angleterre. Celui-ci comprend l'ancienne capitale de Boston, ainsi que plusieurs autres villes de la région, et sert de terrain de jeu à Fallout 4.

Histoire

Pour plus d'infos sur l'histoire du Massachussetts avant les évènements de la série Fallout, voir : État du Massachussets.

Avant-guerre

L'évolution socio-économique du XXIe siècle a transformé le visage du Massachusetts, notamment grâce à une économie suralimentée par l'émergence d'un secteur dynamique, celui des hautes technologies, dirigé par le Commonwealth Institute of Technology. Situé à Cambridge, le CIT était l'un des principaux centres d'enseignement supérieur des États-Unis, fournissant à ces derniers de nombreux grands esprits, dont Robert House, qui, après avoir obtenu son diplôme, fonda RobCo Industries en 2042, faisant de celle-ci l'une des entreprises les plus rentables de la planète en l'espace de cinq ans à peine.[1]

Avec l'arrivée de nombreuses entreprises privées et publiques, l'État du Massachusetts assista à l'émergence de gratte-ciels dans le quartier financier de Boston, avec notamment l'installation de plusieurs installations de pointe. De sont côté, le paysage autoroutier connu, lui aussi, de grands changements avec la construction d'un réseau sophistiqué d'autoroutes surélevées et de lignes de monorail présent dans toute la ville, et qui continua de s'étendre entre les années 2040 à 2077.[2]

Cette mosaïque d'ancien et de nouveau abritait plusieurs entreprises et agences gouvernementales américaines, dont Mass Fusion (le principal fournisseur d'énergie de l'État), Vault-Tec (qui fit construire plusieurs de ses Abris dans le Commonwealth), Poseidon Energy, General Atomics International, Galaxy News Network, HalluciGen, Inc., l'entreprise Nuka-Cola (création et construction de Nuka-World dans la partie ouest du Massachussetts) et bien d'autres encore. De leur côté, les ports du Massachusetts continuèrent à générer du commerce et du trafic maritime, et ce jusqu'au début de la guerre des ressources et de la guerre sino-américaine en 2076. Grâce à ce développement opportun, la ville de Boston adopta facilement son nouveau rôle : fournir à l'U.S. Army des technologies pour combattre le communisme sur tous les fronts alors que le pays glissait lentement vers l'autoritarisme. Les laboratoires Cambridge Polymer ont, par exemple, développé des nanotechnologies et autres polymères pour améliorer les armes et armures militaires, tandis que le site Sentinel Prescott] au sud-ouest du Massachussetts a été érigé pour défendre la région en cas d'attaque nucléaires.

Cependant, l'érosion des droits civils et de la morale n'a épargné ni l'État ni ses citoyens. Les entreprises fonctionnaient comme si elles n'étaient pas entravées par les réglementations du travail ou de l'environnement, en particulier celles dotée d'une autorisation spéciale accordée par l'État. Conséquence de quoi, la pollution a fini par atteindre un degré tellement élevé que des mutations ont commencé à se produire au sein de la faune marine,[3] tandis que des postes de contrôle militaires proliférèrent à travers tout le pays, le Massachusetts ne faisant pas exception. L'armée a régulièrement répondu aux émeutes de la faim par la violence, y compris le massacre au site de rationnement de la police de Boston, où le 184e régiment d'infanterie a abattu des Bostoniens affamés en toute impunité.[4] Malgré la violence, le Boston Bugle a continué à se distinguer comme la voix de la raison, avec des journalistes dissidents continuant à couvrir les atrocités du régime indépendamment du risque pour eux-mêmes.[5]

De plus, un certain nombre d'autres installations et projets militaires étaient basés dans le Commonwealth. La région a été utilisée comme un point d'étape majeur pour les avions militaires.[6] Fort Strong a servi de terrain de développement pour le lanceur nucléaire portable Fat Man et le terrain d'essai du Army Corps of Engineer du T-51b power armor . Des avant-postes militaires tels que USAF Satellite Station Olivia et le National Guard Training yard parsemaient également le paysage. La Defense Intelligence Agency fonctionnait sans entrave dans tout l'État, exploitant le standard téléphonique et un réseau de caches cachées dans tout l'État, tandis que le centre de surveillance fédéral K-21B surveillait la conformité des citoyens. L'armée, en coopération avec General Atomics, a établi l'installation secrète RB-2851 sous East Boston, où les prisonniers seraient récoltés pour être utilisés dans Roborains.[7]

Alors que les tensions internationales ont éclaté et que la crise énergétique mondiale a éclaté dans les guerres des ressources, le Commonwealth a connu une présence militaire encore plus élevée à mesure que la menace d'infiltration chinoise et de guerre nucléaire se rapprochait. La compagnie Echo du 104e régiment d'infanterie a ensuite été déployée pour surveiller le point de contrôle militaire de South Boston et a commencé à effectuer des inspections obligatoires de tous les véhicules qui le traversaient le 1er août 2077. Alors que les inspections prétendaient détenir des « éléments suspects » ils discriminaient les personnes d'origine chinoise,[8] dont beaucoup se trouvaient déjà dans des camps d'internement chinois.[9] Les rapports financiers de cette époque indiquaient que l'augmentation des dépenses militaires était associée à une réduction des soins de santé, des services publics et transports en commun.[10] Combiné à la hausse des coûts de l'énergie à la suite de la guerre des ressources, ainsi qu'à l'hyperinflation et la lassitude de la guerre s'emparant du pays, surtout après l'annexion du Canada, l'ordre public est devenu un problème sérieux, surtout après que des images d'atrocités américaines aient été rendues publiques. Lieutenant-gouverneur Graham a finalement placé Boston sous la loi martiale,Erreur de référence : Balise fermante </ref> manquante pour la balise <ref> En fin de compte, la diminution des approvisionnements, les réseaux de communication perturbés et l'absence d'une structure de direction claire ont empêché toute forme de gouvernement organisé de réaffirmer le contrôle dans le Commonwealth.

Contexte

Avant-Guerre

Le Commonwealth du Massachusetts est un lieu où de nombreuse bataille de la guerre d'indépendance Américaine a eu lieu. Du 19 avril 1775 au 3 septembre 1783, Treize colonies britanniques se sont rebellées a cause d'impôt trop élevé. Après de nombreux monuments fut érigé en honneur aux grandes batailles et aux grande figures de la guerre. Des monument tel que : le monument de la bataille de Bunker Hill, la statue de Paul , etc... .

In 1969,[11] the Commonwealth would be designated under the New England Commonwealth, a new, intermediary level of government designed to foster better cooperation between states with comparable regional interests. Leading up to the eventual downfall of the United States during the Great War, the Commonwealth became a major staging point for military aircraft.[12] Additionally, it would serve as the development ground for the Fat Man portable nuclear launcher, along as the testing ground for the Army Corps of Engineer's T-51b power armor at Fort Strong. The Defense Intelligence Agency would maintain a secret facility known as the Switchboard, while military outposts such as USAF Satellite Station Olivia and the National Guard training yard would also dot the landscape.

As world tension flared and the worldwide energy crisis erupted into the Resource Wars, the Commonwealth would experience an increased military presence as the threat of Chinese infiltration and nuclear war drew closer. Various military checkpoints were established to prevent possible Chinese espionage from entering Boston and major U.S. Army installations, such as at Sentinel Site Prescott—a munitions stock, development facility, and ICBM launch site. Echo Company of the 104th Infantry Regiment would subsequently be deployed to man the South Boston Military Checkpoint, where on August 1st, 2077 orders from the Department of the Army demanded that all vehicles passing through would be stopped and given a full inspection. While the inspections purported to detain 'suspicious elements,' they arbitrarily discriminated against those of Chinese origin,[13] many of whom were already located in Chinese internment camps.[14] Additionally, financial reports from this time indicated that increased military spending was coupled with a reduction to healthcare, utilities and public transportation.[15] Combined with rising energy costs as a result of the Resource Wars, along with hyperinflation and war weariness gripping the country, especially after the 2076 annexation of Canada—which in reality began in 2067—public order became a serious issue, especially after images of U.S. atrocities were made public. Lieutenant Governor Graham would eventually place Boston under martial law,[15] while American units serving in China and on the Anchorage Front Line found themselves pulled back to deal with domestic unrest at home.

On October 23rd, the day of the Great War, following nuclear strikes on Pennsylvania and New York at 9:42am, a nuclear missile hit a designated site southwest of Boston at 9:47am, simultaneously with another missile in the Washington D.C. area.[16] The Commonwealth's ground zero held industrial and military significance, housing arms factories and manufacturing plants,[17] including the Sentinel site. Additionally, the Chinese Yangtze-31 submarine fired its full payload of six strategic nuclear SLBMs at the U.S. Eastern Seaboard before being damaged and forced to seek shelter in Boston's harbor. Despite the success of the Chinese attack, men of the 132nd Engineering Corps stationed at Sentinel Site Prescott were still able to retaliate by firing their own nuclear stockpile before the Chinese missiles hit[18] due to early warnings via radar.

Few survived the blast, besides those who were able to gain entry to the various vaults and bomb shelters in Boston and the surrounding area. As Boston itself wasn't targeted directly, a number of important landmarks survived the initial bombardment, such as the Massachusetts State House, Boston Common and the Paul Revere Monument. The military attempted to maintain order during the following days, utilizing power armor to help dissolve the situation, and transmitted emergency frequency RJ1138 over the airwaves to other Commonwealth army soldiers promising food, shelter and aid at the South Boston Military Checkpoint. However without structure or command, the military eventually disbanded. The heads of various government sectors presumably survived the blast, initially including the Mayor of Boston who holed himself up at the Boston mayoral shelter, which was built illegally using taxpayer funds and eventually stormed by an angry mob.[19] Ultimately, the lack of structure and communication, coupled together with dwindling supplies, prevented any form of organized government to assume control.

Après-Guerre

The Commonwealth struggled to rebuild after the war. For decades, the survivors and students taking refuge in the basement of Commonwealth Institute of Technology began to continue pre-war research, eventually founding the Institute in 2110, 33 years after the Great War. During the following decades, the Institute began production of synthetic humans, or "synths" as they would later be known, eventually beginning production of the Gen 1 variant. At this time, the Institute had attempted to work with the inhabitants of the surface, but mutual mistrust quickly dismissed any possible cooperation, especially after the failed attempt at forming the Commonwealth Provisional Government. This disagreement resulted in the Institute retreating back underground and adopting a new set of principles: the eradication of all pre-war culture they blamed for igniting the Great War.

In 2130, Fenway Park was settled by a group of travelers, utilizing the stands as a 'wall' to protect against outside threats. As word spread about the settlement, it quickly established itself as a safe haven for those wishing to protect themselves against the mutated wildlife and raiding gangs in the area. Eventually gaining the name "Diamond City", it became one of the largest communities within the Commonwealth, even developing a social divide between the "Lower Stands" and the "Upper Stands".

As the post-war state continued to slowly rebuild, the various attacks by super mutants and raiders culminated in the various communities forming the Commonwealth Minutemen, a citizens militia comprised of volunteers from allied settlements. Originally rising to prominence in 2180 for defending Diamond City against an attack of super mutants, internal strife and tension caused the organization to disband following the Quincy Massacre. As a result, the Commonwealth lacked any real form of organized administrative control besides scattered settlements across the region, all while the Institute became known as the local 'boogeyman,' as local fears of being 'replaced' by a human lookalike synth caused paranoia and panic.

Environnement

The Commonwealth suffers from terrible radiation storms caused by the Glowing Sea, the area hit by the nuclear weapons that destroyed much of the region. During a storm, the sky turns a sickly green color while a thick fog moved in, limiting one's visibility. These storms behave in the same manner as thunderstorms, with every "strike" emitting radiation across the land. Despite this, the Commonwealth appears to be a somewhat healthier area of the post-nuclear United States. The skies are brighter and clearer, and vegetation such as mutfruit and tato plants can be seen growing plentifully in the region, providing wastelanders with a source of food. The Commonwealth also sees regular rainfall, in a similar vein to Zion Canyon. The overall landscape is less blasted and scorched than other areas such as the Capital Wasteland—due to the fact that the Boston area never suffered a direct hit, with the nuclear explosion detonating farther southwest, in what is now the Glowing Sea. However, since the Commonwealth covers the entirety of pre-War Massachussetts, it is unknown whether the rest of the region has emerged as fortunate.

Organizations

The most infamous faction within the Commonwealth, the organization known only as the Institute, was founded by the descendants of students who once attended the Commonwealth Institute of Technology. The scientists who worked within this underground, sealed environment possessed highly advanced technology and technological skills. They had managed to create true artificial intelligence (A.I.) and were capable of manufacturing androids, also referred to as "Synths"—short for "synthetic organic," with the latest models completely indistinguishable from ordinary humans. Ergo, the Institute was blamed for many of the Commonwealth's disappearances; and some have suspected that the Institute had a hand in the failure of the Commonwealth Provisional Government. The Institute appeared to use the rest of the Commonwealth as a dumping ground for various failed experiments; the Commonwealth's strain of super mutants can trace its history back to the Institute's experiments with the FEV.

Another organization active within the Commonwealth, the Railroad, functions in direct opposition to the Institute. Named in honor of the Underground Railroad, the Railroad's mission is the rescue and salvation of synthetic humanoids, though enslavement as a whole is also fought against.

There are more factions in play than The Institute and the Railroad, however. Preston Garvey lead a group called the Minutemen, a citizen's militia that fought against the vicious bands of raiders and the super mutants which plagued the area. Although they once commanded the respect of the Commonwealth, their numbers steadily dwindled after the disastrous Quincy Massacre, with infighting and corruption tearing the organization apart. By the time of 2287, the Minutemen were in few numbers, with the supposedly last member; Preston, trying to keep a small group alive from violent raiders which sought to end them and abduct one of their group after fleeing Quincy. Their fate is entirely up to that of the Sole Survivor.

The Brotherhood of Steel sent several reconnaissance teams into Boston and the surrounding areas prior to 2287. Eventually, the Brotherhood deployed the Prydwen over the skies of Boston in the hopes of establishing a permanent foothold in the area. Led by Elder Arthur Maxson, the Brotherhood had merged some of Lyons' ideology with their traditional ways; and now attempted to bring the Institute down along with its synths due to their belief that the Institute's meddling in advanced technology may bring about yet another apocalypse.

Fallout 3

  • Harkness, Dr. Zimmer and Armitage are from the Commonwealth.
  • During the events of Broken Steel, Dr. Li leaves the Capital Wasteland on a trip to the Commonwealth, apparently to clear her head after the final activation of Project Purity. At an unspecified point, she joins the Institute.
  • Tobar, captain of the Duchess Gambit, made frequent trips to the Commonwealth when his ferry was in better condition.
  • Ishmael Ashur, ruler of The Pitt, mentions the Commonwealth, stating that it has reason to envy the Pitt.
  • Marcella mentions the Commonwealth on her terminal in Point Lookout.

Apparition

The Commonwealth appears only in Fallout 4, and is mentioned in Fallout 3 and its add-ons The Pitt, Broken Steel, and Point Lookout.

Galerie

Références

  1. Une tragédie s'est abattue sur l'humanité
  2. La présence du bâtiment de Mass Fusion a été pris en compte lors de la construction du nouveau réseau autoroutier, ce qui donne une idée quant au moment où la rénovation urbaine eut lieu.
  3. Entrées de terminal de la société océanologique de Nahant ; Terminal de recherche, Croissance des homards
  4. Entrées du terminal du bâtiment Bugle ; Boston Bugle article terminal, Article 3
  5. Voir Boston Bugle pour plus de détails.
  6. Proctor Ingram : "Le Commonwealth était une zone d'étape majeure pour l'armée de l'air, nous avons donc supposé que nous allions Je n'ai pas de mal à les trouver."
    (Proctor Ingram's dialogue)
  7. Entrées du terminal du centre de vente et de service RobCo ; Terminal de la station de surveillance
  8. Entrées du terminal du point de contrôle militaire de South Boston ; Terminal de point de contrôle de South Boston, entrées de journal, Objet : Famille Wu
  9. Ordres d'internement dans Fallout 3 et le VDSG. Le numéro de catalogue 7320 dans Fallout 4 mentionne comment les Chinois étaient détenus dans des camps d'internement avant la Grande Guerre.
  10. Massachusetts State House entrées du terminal, terminal, entrées archivées, Finances
  11. Plaque on the Massachusetts State House in Fallout 4 gives 1969 as the formation date of the "Thirteen commonwealths"
  12. Proctor Ingram mentions that the Commonwealth became a major military staging point for aircraft prior to the Great War.
  13. South Boston military checkpoint terminal entries
  14. Internment orders in Fallout 3 and the VDSG. Catalogue No.7320 in Fallout 4 mentions how Chinese were held at internment camps prior to the Great War.
  15. 15,0 et 15,1 Massachusetts State House terminal entries
  16. "DEFCON Status- 2077", found on locked Expert terminal in Switchboard facility underneath Slocum Joe's Donuts in Fallout 4.
  17. The Glowing Sea includes various factories and military facilities.
  18. No missiles are on the launch pad, as stated by the Sentinel site article.
  19. Boston shelter - mayor's goodbye
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